Serious side effects include potentially long-term mental health problems such as depression, hallucinations, and anxiety and neurological side effects such as poor balance, seizures, and ringing in the ears. And is one of several anti-malarial medications recommended by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for this purpose. Bad side effects of plaquenil Plaquenil weight loss Plaquenil screening guidelines ophthalmology In contrast, there have been no reported cases of malaria acquired in Iraq among US military forces. In Iraq, chloroquine-susceptible P. vivax infection occurs at low rates 150 cases per year in 2004. despite the administration of primaquine 30 mg per day for 14 days. Find patient medical information for Chloroquine Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Plasmodium vivax malaria reemerged in the Republic of Korea in 1993. The number of cases has tripled each year since, with more than 1,600 cases reported in 1997. All 27 cases in U. S. troops resolved uneventfully with chloroquine/ primaquine therapy. Disease is localized along the western Demilitarized Zone and presents minimal risk to tourists. Mefloquine is used as a treatment for chloroquine-sensitive or resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria, and is deemed a reasonable alternative for uncomplicated chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium vivax malaria. It is also recommended by the Infectious Disease Society of America for malaria prophylaxis as a first or second-line agent, depending on resistance patterns in the malaria found in the geographic region visited. Chloroquine and primaquine us military Rational malaria chemoprophylaxis - The position of., Chloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions. Non malarial uses of chloroquineChloroquine brand The US military, as a matter of policy, follows most of the recommendations in the CDC Yellow Book. However, certain situations apply only to the US military, and some policies or recommendations differ from what is recommended in the Yellow Book for civilian travel. US Military Deployments - Chapter 9 - 2020 Yellow Book.. Reemergence of Plasmodium vivax Malaria in the Republic of.. Primaquine - Wikipedia. The US military primarily utilizes doxycycline if susceptibilities are equal. For pregnant women in the first trimester or breastfeeding women, chloroquine or mefloquine prophylaxis are preferable; data regarding the safety of atovaquone-proguanil prophylaxis in pregnancy is limited. Chloroquine was discovered in 1934 by Hans Andersag. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. It is available as a generic medication. The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$ 0.04. As of 2019 six drugs are approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration FDA for malaria prophylaxis and are currently available by prescription chloroquine, primaquine, mefloquine, doxycycline, atovaquone/proguanil A/P, and tafenoquine. The concurrent and short-term adverse events for users taking these drugs are well documented.