One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Chloroquine resistant malaria usmle Does plaquenil make your skin dark Effects of a Plaquenil overdose may include, but are not limited to Headaches. Drowsiness. Vision changes. Seizures. Cardiac arrest. An irregular heart rhythm arrhythmia. Loss of life. Aug 29, 2014 In Sjögren’s, Plaquenil is used to treat many symptoms of Sjögren’s including fatigue, joint symptoms of arthritis and arthralgias joint pain, dry mouth and dry eyes. Similar to its use in systemic lupus erythematosus, many clinicians feel that it is useful in reducing general Sjögren’s “disease activity.” Sep 15, 2014 Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is an antimalarial agent used for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune, inflammatory and dermatologic conditions, with less toxic effects than chloroquine. It is imperative that patients and physicians are aware of and watch for this drug’s ocular side effects. Retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine is rare, but even if the medication is discontinued, vision loss may be irreversible and may continue to progress. Plaquenil toxicity symptoms Early Plaquenil Toxicity Detected without Bull’s Eye Maculopathy, The Risk of Retinal Toxicity with Plaquenil - Sjogren's Chloroquine and primaquine us militaryA patient recieving plaquenil therpay but tells the nurseHydroxychloroquine pulmonary toxicity Research has shown that your risk of developing retinopathy is higher the longer you are taking Plaquenil. In fact, the incidence of retinal toxicity rises sharply in people that have taken it between 5 and 7 years. As a result, baseline testing should occur within the first year of taking the drug and then annually at the five-year mark. Plaquenil Side Effects on Your Eyes and Vision. Retinal toxicity associated with chronic exposure to.. Plaquenil Risk Calculators. To reduce the incidence of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine toxicity, health care providers HCP's that prescribe these medications and those that screen for ocular toxicity have developed clear dosing and screening protocols that have reduced the risk of end-stage disease; bull's eye maculopathy and central vision loss Level I. This condition does not cause symptoms and is reversible with cessation of the medication. The finding of corneal verticillata bares no correlation with retinal toxicity and is not an indication to stop the medication 1. The hallmark of hydroxychloroquine toxicity is bilateral pigmentary retinopathy 1. With Plaquenil related toxicity, the pigment in the macula can change and alter vision by producing blurring and distortion of objects. These changes, if they are going to occur, happen slowly over a long period of time. Your eye care provider can examine the macula and detect subtle changes before you begin to notice any symptoms of problems.