Most importantly, you help support continued development of this site. The majority of cases of retinotoxicity have occurred in patients that have had a cumulative dose exceeding 1000g of hydroxychloriquine (Plaquenil). This level is reached in about 7 years with the most common daily dose of Plaquenil, 400 mg/day (200 bid). Hydroxychloroquine cardiac side effects Plaquenil and diarrhea does it stop Can chloroquine terminate pregnancy Diagnosis Hydroxychloroquine-induced retinal toxicity Discussion. Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1. It is now considered for new disease applications in diabetes, heart disease and adjunct cancer therapies 2. The toxicity resulting from the intake of Plaquenil is due to its affinity for melanin -containing structures in the body. With prolonged usage, metabolites in the drug accumulate in the retina. The drug remains in these parts even if the patients stopped taking the drugs. This article is from June 2011 and may contain outdated material. Download PDF. Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. It now solely uses real body weight (rather than ideal body weight) based on new recommendations from a 2014 study (1). Disclaimer: This tool is designed to help eye care professionals better understand the risk the of retinotoxicity from hydroxychloroquine. Please note: This calculator was modified in 9/2015. Plaquenil retinal toxicity Will you have Retinal toxicity with Plaquenil - eHealthMe, Plaquenil Toxicity - Symptoms, Treatment, Risk Factors. Hydroxychloroquine in g6pd deficiencySarcoidosis treatment usmle hydroxychloroquinePlaquenil rash sun Once retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine occurs, it is thought that the retinal changes are permanent and the disease can progress even if hydroxychloroquine is stopped for 1 to 3 years. Newer techniques for evaluation of retinal disease have been developed and these techniques can detect retinal toxicity earlier. My Take on New Ocular Screening Guidelines for Plaquenil.. Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American Academy of.. Early Plaquenil Toxicity Detected without Bull’s Eye Maculopathy. Aug 01, 2009 Plaquenil toxicity is not reversible in most cases and continues to progress even after you stop taking it for several month and sometimes years because of the half life of Plaquenil One should see a retina special before taking Plaquenil in my opinion The risk of a toxicity sharply increases after 5 years, with majority of cases of retinotoxicity occurring in patients that have had a cumulative dose exceeding 1000g of hydroxychloriquine Plaquenil. This level is reached in about 7 years with the most common daily dose of Plaquenil, 400 mg/day 200 bid. The prevalence of retinal toxicity was 36.2% among patients who used ≤200 mg HCQ per day and 8.3% among those who used 200 mg HCQ per day, and there was no significant association between daily HCQ dose and retinal toxicity P = 0.062.