It may have both an anti-spirochaete activity and an anti-inflammatory activity, similar to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. And caution is required if patients have certain heart conditions, diabetes, psoriasis etc. Plaquenil 40 mg What is in hydroxychloroquine Context Hydroxychloroquine, a commonly used antirheumatic medication, has hypoglycemic effects and may reduce the risk of diabetes mellitus. Objective To determine the association between hydroxychloroquine use and the incidence of self-reported diabetes in a cohort of patients with rheumatoid. Hydroxychloroquine is classified as an anti-malarial drug. It is similar to chloroquine and is useful in treating several forms of malaria as well as lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Its mechanism of action is unknown. Malarial parasites invade human red blood cells. Mechanism of Action of Hydroxychloroquine as an Antirheumatic Drug By Robert I. Fox The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. The most serious adverse effects affect the eye, with dose-related retinopathy as a concern even after hydroxychloroquine use is discontinued. The most common adverse effects are a mild nausea and occasional stomach cramps with mild diarrhea. Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine in diabetes Reducing Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Hydroxychloroquine Use., Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Side Effects & Dosage for Malaria Plaquenil mexicoChloroquine reviewChloroquine diphosphate useChloroquine proguanil dosageSle lupus and plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine HXCHL is an antimalarial drug that may have antihyperglycemic properties in patients with diabetes. One previous 6 month blinded study reported that HXCHL decreased glycated hemoglobin GHb by an absolute amount of 3.3% when added to patients with type 2 diabetes who were refractory to high doses of insulin or pills. The effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine in patients with.. Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an.. Hydroxychloroquine decreases Th17-related cytokines in systemic lupus.. Irreversible retinal damage observed in some patients who had received hydroxychloroquine sulfate; significant risk factors for retinal damage include daily doses of hydroxychloroquine sulfate greater than 6.5 mg/kg 5 mg/kg base of actual body weight, durations of use greater than five years, subnormal glomerular filtration, use of some. Hydroxychloroquine is also a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD that has immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. The exact hydroxychloroquine mechanism of action is unclear, although it does work to interrupt the communication of immune system cells to decrease swelling, pain, and joint damage. 1, 2, 3, 5 Mechanisms of Action of Hydroxychloroquine in Reducing Risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes is approaching epidemic proportions in the United States. Efforts to implement effective strategies for diabetes prevention have been limited by poor long-term adherence to lifestyle modifications and potential side effects and costs of pharmacologic interventions.