Food and Drug Administration has banned the sale of all non-approved brands of quinine. Quinine is used to treat uncomplicated malaria, a disease caused by parasites. Aralen rheumatoid arthritis Plaquenil hair loss folic acid Plaquenil and unexplained bruising Substitutes and alternatives to chloroquine for uses like Malaria, Extraintestinal amebiasis and Lupus chloroquine Alternatives & Similar Drugs - Skip to full site navigation Chloroquine Description. Chloroquine phosphate tablets, Chloroquine phosphate, USP, is a 4-aminoquinoline compound for oral administration. It is a white, odorless, bitter tasting, crystalline substance, freely soluble inwater. Chloroquine phosphate tablets are an antimalarial and amebicidal drug. Your doctor will also test your reflexes to see if you have muscle weakness that may be caused by the drug. If you are taking chloroquine phosphate for a long period of time, your doctor will recommend frequent eye exams. It is very important that you keep these appointments. Chloroquine phosphate can cause serious vision problems. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. Parasites that cause malaria typically enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Drug quinine and chloroquine The antimalarial drugs quinine, chloroquine and mefloquine., Chloroquine - Prescription Drug Information. Cornea verticillata plaquenilHydroxychloroquine and neuropathyRheumatoid arthritis treatment plaquenil Quinine is an antimalarial drug which is made from Cinchona bark. The mode of action of quinine is similar to chloroquine. For the first time, the effects of quinine on the hexokinase activity of Plasmodium berghei P. berghei were reported by Fraser and Kermack in 1957. Comparative study of chloroquine and quinine on malaria rodents and.. Chloroquine MedlinePlus Drug Information. Effects of chloroquine on viral infections an old drug against today's.. Drug-resistant P. falciparum. Chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum first developed independently in three to four areas in Southeast Asia, Oceania, and South America in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Since then, chloroquine resistance has spread to nearly all areas of the world where falciparum malaria is transmitted. Chloroquine is related in structure to quinine but more potent against Plasmodium falciparum, ovale, malariae and vivax, and better tolerated than quinine. Chloroquine remains the first choice of antimalarial prophylaxis as well as treatment. Chloroquine is available in tablets of 250 and 500 mg in generic forms and under the brand name Aralen. Hydroxychloroquine is a quinoline medicine used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. This medicine is not effective against all strains of malaria.